The Pennsylvania Railroad, Volume 1

The Pennsylvania Railroad, Volume 1

4.11 - 1251 ratings - Source



qDo not think of the Pennsylvania Railroad as a business enterprise, q Forbes magazine informed its readers in May 1936. qThink of it as a nation.q At the end of the nineteenth century, the Pennsylvania Railroad was the largest privately owned business corporation in the world. In 1914, the PRR employed more than two hundred thousand peoplea€”more than double the number of soldiers in the United States Army. As the self-proclaimed qStandard Railroad of the World, q this colossal corporate body underwrote American industrial expansion and shaped the economic, political, and social environment of the United States. In turn, the PRR was fundamentally shaped by the American landscape, adapting to geography as well as shifts in competitive economics and public policy. Albert J. Churella's masterful account, certain to become the authoritative history of the Pennsylvania Railroad, illuminates broad themes in American history, from the development of managerial practices and labor relations to the relationship between business and government to advances in technology and transportation. Churella situates exhaustive archival research on the Pennsylvania Railroad within the social, economic, and technological changes of nineteenth- and twentieth-century America, chronicling the epic history of the PRR intertwined with that of a developing nation. This first volume opens with the development of the Main Line of Public Works, devised by Pennsylvanians in the 1820s to compete with the Erie Canal. Though a public rather than a private enterprise, the Main Line foreshadowed the establishment of the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1846. Over the next decades, as the nation weathered the Civil War, industrial expansion, and labor unrest, the PRR expanded despite competition with rival railroads and disputes with such figures as Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller. The dawn of the twentieth century brought a measure of stability to the railroad industry, enabling the creation of such architectural monuments as Pennsylvania Station in New York City. The volume closes at the threshold of American involvement in World War I, as the strategies that PRR executives had perfected in previous decades proved less effective at guiding the company through increasingly tumultuous economic and political waters.ten reluctant to invest in all of the cars that miners might require at peak periods ofproduction. ... By using privately owned cars, mine owners could store coal for extended periods, in anticipation of higher prices, without ... Shortly afterward, in April 1861, the PRR board encouraged companies such as Westmoreland and Penn Gas to buy coal cars for shipments traveling over the PRR-Reading route.


Title:The Pennsylvania Railroad, Volume 1
Author: Albert J. Churella
Publisher:University of Pennsylvania Press - 2012-10-29
ISBN-13:

You must register with us as either a Registered User before you can Download this Book. You'll be greeted by a simple sign-up page.

Once you have finished the sign-up process, you will be redirected to your download Book page.

How it works:
  • 1. Register a free 1 month Trial Account.
  • 2. Download as many books as you like (Personal use)
  • 3. Cancel the membership at any time if not satisfied.


Click button below to register and download Ebook
Privacy Policy | Contact | DMCA